Discover the mystical pre-Colombian Mesoamerican city of Teotihuacan, just one of the many exhilarating historical and cultural attractions to be seen on Titan’s magical Mexico’s Mayan Trail tour. Located in the Valley of Mexico, 30 miles from northeast of Mexico City, Teotihuacan gives an enchanting look back into the ancient past.
The spectacular ruins of Teotihuacan, first founded around 100 BC but at its zenith between the 1st and 7th centuries AD, are a breathtaking sight. Covering a total surface of area of 32 square miles, Teotihuacan is thought to have been home to a population of 25,000 people of undetermined ethnicity. While some scholars suggest the Totonac, Nahua or Otomi ethnic groups are the most likely to have settled there, other scholars suggest that Teotihuacan was a multiethnic state.
All agree that the inhabitants of Teotihuacan influenced the Aztec and Mayan civilisations. Architectural highlights of the city include the Avenue of the Dead, the monumental Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon, the Great Compound and the mighty Temple of Quetzalcoatl (also known as the Temple of the Plumed Serpent).
The city was burned and abandoned in the 7th century, yet the ruins still give an impressive insight into the culture and religion of the people, as do the continuing excavations, which among other findings have revealed that both animal and human sacrifice was practiced, particularly to sanctify architectural endeavours.
Anthropologists, historians and travellers marvel at the complex residential compounds constructed within Teotihuacan to house multiple families, while the murals that were preserved from the destructive fire also give a fascinating idea of the artistic and cultural styles and values of the people.
Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, Teotihuacan is a must-visit attraction for all travellers with an interest in lost civilisations and world history. No visitor leaves without lasting memories of this mystical city, while the towering pyramids and beautiful early-urban complexes are magnificent subjects for photo journals of your tour.
To find out more about what you can discover with Titan, take a look at our Mexico’s Mayan Trail tour.